Frank’s aim is to create a “Genuine Learning and Training Experience” for engineering students so they develop the basic skills for becoming technopreneurial wealth creators in start-up industries. This noble aim can only work if you choose students who possess an intuitive ‘nouse’ (instinct) for engineering, whether or not they are mathematical prodigies. Primarily, this experience centres on a ‘researching-designing-making-programming-testing-of-real-working-robots-and-machines’ experience and you can see students doing this in the clips below. Some educators call it the CDIO experience, i.e.’Conceive-Design-Implement-Operate’.
Frank starts by teaching students how to make robots and smart products/machines from cut and glued cardboard and you can see this innovative teaching style in his new co-authored book on project-based learning entitled, ‘Creating Precision Robots’ now available on Amazon….
There’s another book coming shortly on teaching students to programme locomotion patterns for driver-less autonomous electric vehicles and omnidirectional hexapod (six-legged) robots that includes programming its ‘central pattern generator’.
Oh and another thing, when students build these robots, they become some pretty hot-shot model-makers
|Latest student project to teach inverse kinematics and robots
|| Felix and Leo showing their final year capstone project which is a catapult robot that is mobile, radio controlled and shoots ping pong balls into a basket at 2 metres and 4 metres range
The clip below gives you an idea of Frank’s style of teaching. There is a misleading idea in the narrative. When Frank says that “we teach the practical side of engineering at UNNC”, he means that “we”, in his Mechatronic Studio, teach with this style
Student paddle craft competition below at the University of Brunei Darussalam. Go to 4min 30sec for the competition. Boats made from cardboard and waterproofed with paint. Students programmed their boats to carry cargo from Brunei harbour to Malaysia Port Dickson harbour to Hong Kong harbour to Singapore harbour back to Brunei harbour in the shortest possible time. The MORE cargo weight you transport on your boat the MORE marks you get but the MORE time you take the LESS marks you get. Your total marks are equal to weight divided by time. This is an engineering project with a business twist because it’s about transporting cargo commercially. See the whole clip to see how fun-loving, innovative and creative these students are. Remember go to 4min 30sec for the competition
|Engineering undergraduate students experimenting with paddle boat robots made from cardboard
|| Experimental skinny legged in-line leg hexapod with small servos
|Frank designs robots then designs courses to teach students how to design robots. Here is Frank and his students assembling aluminium parts of a 3-wheeled tricycle robot. He personally taught the students how to make these parts in the manufacturing studio on manual lathe and manual milling machine one week before
||…and here is the tricycle, an autonomous, driverless, mobile electric vehicle programmed to pass its rear wheel through 8 target bulls eyes in a figure of eight pattern
|Hexapod programmed to do outside epicyclic gear action. Imagine running a penny on the outside of your thumb and forefinger whose tips are touching forming a circle The penny is the robot
|| Frank’s Innovation and Design class 2007-8 project for 1st year University of Brunei Darussalam students in the engineering dept. This is Irnnie, Leong and Auzi having fun following the building of their Chateau Pomme de Terre potato shaping machine
|Compact hexapod with batteries inside the tubular body and range finder infra red whisker sensors
||Student project, Boby, Arland and Frank designed a prototype augmented reality hexapod robot gladiator sparring scenario. A bad guy robot comes to town saying he has waited long enough and takes a potshot at the central business district building which you can see falling down in the background. The good robot on the right tries to take out the bad guy with potshots at the bad guy robot with recoil, lights and sound. Eventually the bad guy robot receives 7 potshots and demises painfully then the good guy does a victory lap saying, “De.th has many doors…etc. Boby and Arland choreographed the scenario including lights and sound including a load of other things
|Hexapod programmed to do inside epicyclic gear action. Imagine running a penny on the inside of your thumb and forefinger whose tips are touching forming a circle The penny is the robot
||Jumbo sized kinda Rubik Cube, but not really, fun project to use computer vision to place a coloured cube into place with all sides of Jumbo cube to have same colour. Each cube has a different colour on each of its six sides. The fork lift truck robot was a whole lot of fun building too
|Ping pong ball hitter with 10-ball magazine. Two out-of-phase driven servos are used to serve the ball into the tee. Only 6 balls basketed out of 10. Students have to figure out reasons for repeatability errors
||An experiment with a straight line pull back mechanism for a ping pong ball catapult robot…too complicated so abandoned in favour of simplified mechanism
Some Featured Projects
|UNNC Mars Rover Project; an omni-directional wheeled robot
||Basic Ping Pong Ball Catapult Robot
|Precision Ping Pong ball Hitter Robot viewed from the top of its 10-ball magazine autoloader
||Ping Pong Ball Hitter
|Design model of Eagle Bird Robot main wing
||Ping pong ball Thrower Robot. Rotating arm holding ball in a gripper that lets go at the precise angle to put the ball in the basket|
Featured Research Project Artificial muscle
|Artificial muscle prototype. This version has been superseded by much higher performance version that has a pulling force of 1000 Newtons. This version shows the principle which is the subject of an awarded USA patent May 2017
||Artificial muscle oscillating at 1.5Hz Latest version oscillates at 10Hz
|3dof leg in realtime demonstration. Note that this video is not speeded up. The computation update rate is 50 times per second, that’s an update period of 20msecs and many complex inverse kinematics equations are done inside that 20msecs. All computation is done with integer-only maths…integer maths is yummy lovely bubbly stuff
||Robot Eagle Bird Tail demonstrating flight control motions. Oh yes, this has the potential to be a great student project, to build a biomimicking eagle bird flying robot. By biomimicking we mean feather-accurate and skeletal-accurate construction. It is a ‘Dynamic Agile Animal Robot’ project
This is Frank programming a CNC milling machine
A CNC (Computer Numerically Controlled) machine, is a high precision machine that you program to cut material, e.g. plastic, aluminium, into almost any shape you can imagine. The machine is a “subtractive” machine, i.e. it removes unwanted material from a block, as compared to an “additive machine”, e.g. a 3-d printer, that starts by building up a shape from nothing by adding tiny amounts of material to itself like bees when they build their hive. Both machines have their own advantages and disadvantages.
Dr. Francis Frank Nickols is an Associate Professor of Mechatronics and Control Engineering at University of Nottingham Ningbo China, UNNC. This is a British University in China, Zhejiang Province, city of Ningbo which is south of Shanghai on the eastern seaboard of China. Ningbo is a pleasant city with parks and canals everywhere and many people, including Frank, whizzing around on electric bikes. He was educated at Christ’s College, Cambridge University U.K. where he received a Bachelor degree in Engineering Science in 1978. Later he received a Masters degree in Electronic Systems Design from Cranfield University, U.K. and a Ph.D. degree in Mechatronics from University of Wales, College of Cardiff, U.K.